China in Early Enlightenment Political Thought (Routledge by Simon Kow

By Simon Kow

China in Early Enlightenment Political Thought examines the guidelines of China within the works of 3 significant thinkers within the early eu Enlightenment of the past due 17th to early eighteenth centuries: Pierre Bayle, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, and the Baron de Montesquieu. in contrast to surveys which offer in simple terms cursory overviews of Enlightenment perspectives of China, or person reports of every philosopher which are likely to handle their conceptions of China in person chapters, this can be the 1st publication to supply in-depth comparative analyses of those seminal Enlightenment thinkers that particularly hyperlink their perspectives on China to their political issues. opposed to the backdrop in particular of the Jesuit debts of China which those philosophers learn, Bayle, Leibniz, and Montesquieu interpreted imperial China in 3 considerably divergent methods: as a tolerant, atheistic monarchy; as an exemplar of human and divine justice; and as an excellent yet still corrupt despotic nation. The booklet therefore indicates how the improvement of political suggestion within the early Enlightenment was once heavily associated with the query of China as a favorable or adverse version for Europe, and argues that revisiting Bayle’s method of China is a salutary corrective to the mistakes and presumptions within the considered Leibniz and Montesquieu. The booklet additionally discusses how chinese language reformers of the overdue 19th and early 20th centuries drew on Enlightenment writers’ diverse perspectives of China as they sought to envisage how China could be remodeled.

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