Ibn al-Farid's "Khamriyya" ("Ode on Wine") by George Nicolas El-Hage

By George Nicolas El-Hage

In Arabic literature and philosophy, mysticism is among the most vital traditions. The fountainhead of Sufism in Islam remains to be a arguable factor.
The Persians had many well-known mystic poets. Arabic literature has just one nice mystical poet of natural Arabic descent necessary to face subsequent to the Persian masters: Sharaf ad-Din ‘Umar Ibn ‘Ali as-Sa’di, referred to as Ibn al-Farid, or the Notary’s Son (1181-1253), who was once born in Cairo. He used to be devoted from early manhood to the mystic’s approach to withdrawal from the realm. He was once completely happy in later lifestyles to recollect with ecstatic excitement the pilgrimage he had made to Mecca, and to meditate upon the union with the spirit of the Prophet which he had then experienced.
Ibn al-Farid’s Diwan of mystical odes, which was once first gathered via his grandson, is small compared to related works of Persian mystics. The Diwan will be considered as a suite of homogeneous poems expressing the ecstasy and longing of a loyal lover to turn into one along with his cherished. it really is both conspicuous to imagine that except for the “Khamriyya” and “The Poem of the Way”, the majority of Ibn al-Farid’s Diwan will be learn easily as love poetry void of any mystical and non secular overtones. at the moment, it can both be an exaggeration to undertake Nabulsi’s argument which continues that Ibn al-Farid didn't harbor a notion with no non secular implications. Ibn al-Farid’s Diwan might be thought of “a miracle of literary accomplishments.”
If all critics appear to agree that “al-Ta’iyyatu’l-Kubra” is his masterpiece, we will competently say that the “Khamriyya” is the second one “jewel” within the assortment. it's a masterpiece in its personal correct, and one of many longest poems after “The Poem of the Way”. during this piece, each be aware is obvious. each notice is an international bathing in culture, wearing meanings or extra. The symbolism of “Khamriyya” isn't to be present in the other poem of the poet’s assortment. Love is the “wine of life”; the “Khamriyya” devoted to this divine wine, stands in its personal correct as an incomparable masterpiece within the background of Arabic mystical poetry.

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