By Christoph Schiller
All shades in nature derive from the superb constitution consistent 1/137.035 999 1(1), the main well-known unexplained quantity in nature. What determines this number?
All movement in nature is defined both through quantum idea or by means of Einstein's basic relativity, theories that contradict one another. How can they be unified in a last theory?
If you get pleasure from exploring rules and checking them opposed to the true international, chances are you'll like this quantity. It first explains why the prior proposals for a last, unified thought of physics – the so-called 'theory of every little thing' – have failed. Then, the textual content provides a greater concept: a last thought known as the strand version. This version has the same opinion with all experimental facts recognized up to now and makes transparent, falsifiable predictions. they're being confirmed in experiments around the globe. The strand model
– predicts the traditional version of particle physics – and permits no replacement or extension,
– is predicated on one easy basic precept – and therefore is 'beautiful',
– predicts basic relativity – and permits no replacement or extension,
– predicts quantum idea – and permits no replacement or extension,
– and solves the open problems with the traditional version, gravitation and cosmology, together with the reason of all primary constants.
All those effects stick with evidently from one basic precept. arrange your self for a curler coaster trip trough smooth physics, and for the buzz of fixing one of many oldest physics puzzles recognized. this can be an event that leads past area and time – correct to the boundaries of human suggestion. for instance, the journey indicates that the time period 'theory of every thing' is inaccurate, while 'final thought' is correct.
The textual content provides an method of the ultimate, unified thought of physics with an easy foundation yet interesting implications. The version relies on featureless strands that shape area, debris and horizons; the version sums up textbook physics in one primary precept: occasions and Planck devices are crossing switches of strands.
Surprisingly, this primary precept, which goes in 3 dimensions simply, permits to infer Dirac's equation (from the belt trick), the foundations of thermodynamics and Einstein's box equations (from the thermodynamics of strand crossing switches). Quantum thought and common relativity are hence stumbled on to be low-energy approximations of strategies on the Planck scale. particularly, strands clarify the entropy of black holes (including the numerical factor).
As a different shock, within the related approximation, the basic precept yields the 3 gauge teams and the Lagrangians of quantum electrodynamics, of the powerful and of the vulnerable interplay, together with maximal parity violation and SU(2) breaking. the 3 Lagrangians seem as a normal end result of the 3 Reidemeister strikes of knot idea. The strand version doesn't allow any longer interplay, gauge staff or symmetry staff. The strand version may also be the 1st unified version predicting the 3 gauge interactions – and the inability of different ones.
In QED, the strand version proposes an easy knowing of Feynman diagrams and of Schwinger's formulation for the anomalous magnetic second of the electron and the muon.
As a last shock, the elemental precept predicts 3 fermion generations, the Higgs boson, and the shortcoming of any unknown uncomplicated debris. The strand version therefore predicts that the traditional version is the ultimate description of particle physics. The quark version and the development of all mesons and baryons are proven to persist with from strands. In different phrases, tangles of strands and their crossing switches clarify all identified trouble-free debris, all their quantum numbers, and the inability of the other straight forward debris. The strand version will be the 1st unified version predicting the common particle spectrum.
Finally, a style for calculating coupling constants appears.
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